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The Government of Tonga has requested funding for the Tonga Climate Resilient Transport Project II (TCRTP II – also referred to as the “Project”) under the World Bank (WB), International Development Agency (IDA19) grant. The Implementing Agency (IA) will be the Ministry of Infrastructure (MOI) and the Project Development Objective (PDO) is; “To improve the climate resilience and safety of the Recipient’s transport sector and in the event of an Eligible Crisis or Emergency, to provide an immediate response to the Eligible Crisis or Emergency.” 
The Project will include 4 Components: 
i. Component 1: Capacity Building on Transport Planning and Policies. Technical assistance to strengthen planning and policies in Tonga’s transport sector:
ii. Component 2: Climate Resilient and Safe Infrastructure Solutions. Feasibility studies, detailed design and physical works for road, aviation and maritime assets to improve climate resilience and safety:
a. Road sector.
i. Rehabilitation and/or upgrading of up to 79km of roads across Tongatapu, Vava’u, Ha’apai, ‘Eua, and Niuatoputapu. 
ii. Detailed engineering design for Airport Road, the main road on Tongatapu between the international airport and Nuku’alofa urban area. 
iii. Road safety audit and works.
b. Maritime sector. To address the maritime transport infrastructure maintenance backlog and undertake a variety of safety and climate resilience rehabilitation and upgrading works on ‘Eua, Niuafo’ou and Ha’apai.
i. Technical assessment, detailed design and rehabilitation of the ‘Eua Port breakwater, and detailed design and construction of a new passenger terminal.
ii. Detailed design and reconstruction at Niuafo'ou port.
iii. Technical assessment, detailed design and rehabilitation of the Ha’apai Port breakwater, and investigation of port works to allow for additional berthing and container storage area.
iv. Feasibility study including concept design for a slipway for domestic vessels at Queen Salote Wharf, Tongatapu.
c. Aviation sector. Includes improvements to infrastructure and provision of essential safety equipment at ‘Eua, Niuatoputapu and Niuafo’ou airports.
i. Detailed design and resurfacing of the runway at the ‘Eua airport.
ii. Acquisition of safety equipment and facility to improve capacity for emergency landing response and readiness at the Ha’apai, ‘Eua, Niuafo’ou and Niuatoputapu airports.
iii. Regional Airport Asset Maintenance Contract to assist in improving safety and climate resilience of airport assets. The contract is proposed to cover: (i) preventive maintenance programs, specialist inspections, calibrations and repairs; (ii) emergency response services, including rapid mobilization of technical support, spares and temporary equipment in the event of a disaster; (iii) specialist training, including certifications and offshore placements; and (iv) online technical support. 
iii. Component 3: Project Management. Support for project management and implementation:
a. Hiring of MOI PST staff including specialists on project management, safeguards, procurement, financial management, engineering, M&E, and assistants. 
b. Recruitment of technical advisers to support the PST in project implementation with appropriate technical advice on the relevant sub-sector.
c. Operating costs to provide technical and operational assistance to the project. 
d. Annual external audits for the project-related expenditures.
iv. Component 4: Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC)
Designed to provide swift response in an event of an Eligible Crisis or Emergency, by enabling Tonga to request the World Bank to re-allocate project funds to support emergency response and reconstruction. An Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) for the CERC has been developed and is available here.

World Bank Environmental and Social Framework (ESF)

All IDA19 Projects are undertaken under the World Bank’s ESF. The MOI shall implement the Project following the ESF Environmental and Social Standards (ESSs). This Environmental and Social Commitment Plan (ESCP) sets out measures and actions, documents or plans, as well as the timing for each of these.
The environmental assessment of the TCRTP II has been undertaken in compliance with the World Banks ESF[1]. This ensures that potential adverse E&S impacts and risks are identified and avoided where possible and that identified impacts and risks are managed or mitigated. The Project has been rated by the World Bank as having Substantial environmental and social risks[2]. Impacts and risks are expected to be easily mitigated in a predictable manner and the project is expected to be largely positive.

The Environmental and Social Standards (ESSs) within the ESF that are considered relevant to the Project are:



ESS1 Assessment and Management of Environmental and Social Risks and Impacts

Environmental and Social Management Plans (ESMPs) for:

        i)          Roads (available here)

      ii)          Aviation (available here)

     iii)          Maritime (available here)


A Contractors Environmental and Social Management Plan (CESMP) will be required to implement each contract. A template for the CESMP can be found here

ESS2 Labour and Working Conditions

Labour Management Procedures (LMP - available here)

ESS3 Resource Efficiency and Pollution Prevention and Management

Covered in this ESMP and the CESMP

ESS4 Community Health and Safety

Covered in the ESMPs, the CESMPs and the Covid 19 Safety Protocol (available here)

ESS5 Land Acquisition, Restrictions on Land Use and Involuntary Resettlement

Covered in this ESMPs, the TCRTP II and the Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP available here) and the CESMP

ESS6 Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Management of Living Natural Resources

Covered in the ESMPs, the CESMPs

ESS8 Cultural Heritage (chance finds)

Chance find procedures are detailed as an Appendix in the ESMPs and the CESMPs

ESS10 Stakeholder Engagement and Information Disclosure

Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP available here)


[1] 2016. World Bank Environmental and Social Framework. World Bank, Washington, DC.


[2] Concept Environmental and Social Review Summary, Concept Stage (ESRS Concept Stage), Date Prepared/Updated: 02/26/2021 Ӏ Report No: ESRSC01848